Titicaca - Lake

 

It lies at more than 3,800m above sea level on the altiplano between Peru to the west and Bolivia to the east, the limpid waters sparkling in the high-altitude sunlight. Titicaca is the largest freshwater lake in South America and one of the highest and deepest of the world’s large lakes, thought to be three million years old. It is a sacred place for the Inca civilization as, according to their mythology, this is their birthplace where the god, Viracocha, rose up to create the sun, the stars, and the first people. The lake is also the center of a region where a great many subsistence farmers eke out a living herding llamas, growing potatoes and fishing in the chilly waters. From the main town of Puno, you can travel to the floating reed islands of the Uros islands or visit Taquile and Suasi Islands  For a deluxe experience of this mystical region.
Titikaka  Lake is situated in the southern part of Peru, in the city of Puno. It is approximately 8562km2 in área and extends over two territories: Peru and Bolivia, 56% of the lake belong to Peru and 44% belong to Bolivia. This lake is the highest, navigable lake in the world. The lake was declared as The National Reserve of Titikaka in 1978.

Altitude                    : 3,812masl.
Surface área            : 8400km2
Max.depth               : 281m approximately
Climate                     : Cold climate that give it an average surface temperatura of 13° C.
Flora                          : There are many species of Cattail and aquatic plants such as Myryophillum  Titicacensis, Casaba Bonaerenses etc.

Fauna.                   
There are a variety of species of bird such as Lake duck, passerine bird called  Many-coloured rush tyrant, Andean goose and Andean flamingo. Of the species  of fish Pencil catfish (Trichomycterus rivulatus), Carachi (orestias), and Trout are  outstanding. Also there is a specie of giant frog that originated from Lake Titikaka called scientifically Telmatobius culeus. It’s one of the species that live only in this area.

Lacustrine Access.
Visiting many diffrent islands inside the lake by launch. Islands located inside the lake are;
                                    
 The Uros - floating islands.
They are formed by some groups of people from the community of Uros and Chulluni. The people offer their traditional handicrafts and a rural community tourism there. These islands are located at 3,808 masl, 35km far  from the city of Puno and takes 45 minute by launch. 
Taquile Island.
 It’s formed by a group of Quechuan people and caracterized by their custom, their tradition and their colorful traditional clothes. The people work in fishing, farming and the textile manufacture. It’s located at 3,809 masl, 35km far from the city of Puno and takes 40 minute by launch.
                                     
Amantani Island.
 It’s located near the Taquile island and the following are eight  agricultural communities of Quechuan and Aymaran origin that form this island:  Santa Rosa, Lampayuni, Sancayuni, Alto Sancayuni, Occosuyo, Occo Pampa, Incatiana, Coloquecachi. The inhabitants work in farming and craftsmanship. Especially, their textile and stone sculpture stand out from their other work. Also, the island has some natural viewpoints and archeological sites called “Pacha Tata y Pacha Mama” which were ceremonial and ritual centers in the past.  Amantani island offers a rural ommunity tourism which tourists can enjoy local life by sharing natural products with   local families and staying at thier home. It’s at 4150msal, 40km far from the city of Puno  and takes approximately an hour by launch.

Suasi Island.
 It’s located at the center of Lake Titikaka and it belongs to a lady called Martha Giraldo who loves nature. She is from Moho, the small village in Puno and had some ecological hosteles many years ago. Suasi is the most isolated island in the lake. In  the island, neither phone, TV nor electricity exist. The only energy source is solar-powered. It’s the best place to read with a beautiful scenery. Also you can enjoy hiking  there. It’s at 118km to the north of Puno and you need to make a trip of about two  hours and a half to visit the island.

Campanario Island.
 It’s an island that belongs to Bolivia, located in the north of the  bolivian territory, at almost the border with Peru in Lake Titikaka. Campanario is a small island with área of approximately 0.8km2. 

La Luna Island

It’s also called Koati island, is an island of Bolivia located next to Sol 
 Island in Lake Titikaka. It’s a small island with área of 105.1 hectare. This island is formed by several groups of people from Quechuan and Aymaran origin. The inhabitans work in farming, sheep raising and handicraft manufactures.              


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