The imperial city of the Inkas
Is a mystic sacred city, considered Tahuantinsuyo Empire capital, has a great, historical and architectural legacy. Surrounded by green valleys with imposing tourist attractions, culture, tradition and faith still dormant. Known as the navel of the world for being the political and territorial center of the Inca Empire, Cusco department shows a stunning geographical variety from natural mountain ranges and reliefs, to rivers like the Urubamba.
Cusco city is located in the Andes mountain range (3399 m). It was declared the Peru Historical Capital by being an impressive sample of high Inca engineering whose main tool was stone. As well as places like Choquequirao, Sacsayhuaman, Qenko, Tambomachay, Ollantaytambo and especially Machu Picchu, architectural jewel built with the wisdom of the ancient Incas that served as political, religious and administrative center of the time.
Inca citadel is located in the middle of a rainforest. (2430m). It was declared World’s heritage by the UNESCO in 1981 and one of the world’s seven wonders in 2007. Machupicchu is a fantastic architectonical complex built during the kingdom of Inca Pachacuteq.
Cusco’s department also owns several tourist attractions such as the Sacred Valley, considered corn grain best manufacturation center. San Blas neighborhood called “Craftsmen Neighborhood” for hosting Cusco’s well-known artists; Maras, place that possess salt fields used during the Inca Kingdom; Paucartambo, a village that keeps its ancestral Andean culture.
Location: Peru’s south highlands.
Extension: 72.104 Km2.