Discover the secrets of Machu Picchu
• Following in the footsteps of Machu Picchu
• The secrets of Machu Picchu
• – The old mountain, a discovery before 1911
• – Machu Picchu, sanctuary of the virgins of the sun and lost city?
• – The Inca emperor did not reside in Machu Picchu
• – Machu Picchu, a place at the service of the gods.
• – A fabulous earthquake-proof station for Inca astronomers.
• – There is a secret and inaccessible door in the ruins of Machu Picchu
• – A new theory about the location of the Inca site
• Go to Machu Picchu
• – how?
• – when?
Like Easter Island, the Bermuda triangle or the Giza pyramids, Machu Picchu fascinates and questions the entire world. We invite you to visit Machu Picchu, through its best-kept secrets.
In Peru, at an altitude of two thousand four hundred and thirty-thirty meters, the golden eagles rotate, the lamas have fun and, above all, Machu Picchu reigns. This “Old Mountain” in Quechua is the emblem of the country. As this Inca site is part of the wonders of the world, classified by UNESCO, we can even say that it is a world icon! Every year, eight hundred thousand visitors challenge the altitude and the steep slopes to see Machu Picchu with their own eyes. It is difficult not to be surprised by the vestiges of such a civilization.
For hundreds of years, stone walls, terraces, ramps, and towers, as if hanging in the void, have remained standing. Visiting Machu Picchu is also entering an impressive natural paradise. The sacred place stands, strong and proud, in the heart of a lush and wild mountain. All shades of green are available. The fauna and flora explode where the Peruvian Andes embrace the Amazon basin. However, do you really know this sacred mountain? Have you really solved its mysteries? We will take you to visit Machu Picchu and discover its best kept secrets.
Following in the footsteps of Machu Picchu
If it is impossible to accurately date the construction of Machu Picchu, the building certainly dates back to the 15th century. One was prosperous and rich for the Inca civilization and its emperor, Pachacutec.
If the Incas ended up disappearing, exterminated by the Spanish conqueror, the traces of their genius remained and continue to this day.
The architectural and artistic works, as well as the irrigation systems, bear witness to an avant-garde and precise know-how, absolutely incredible. These eternal witnesses were forgotten for more than three centuries, before reappearing before the eyes of the world in 1911.
Since that time, Machu Picchu has never ceased to intrigue historians, archaeologists, and anthropologists. If your project is to visit Machu Picchu, or if you have already had the opportunity to walk through this exceptional site, you will discover that this fascinating mountain contains many secrets.
Two parts make up this ancient Inca city. First, an agricultural area, strewn with stepped terraces and cut into the mountainside. Then, an urban area, divided into several neighborhoods and dotted with spectacular monuments such as the citadel, the religious or astronomical center, as well as the imperial residence. Machu Picchu is built in perfect harmony with the wild nature that surrounds it. The adaptation to this environment shows a phenomenal physical and intellectual effort on the part of the Incas. The monuments are embedded and complete the beauty of the panorama.
But what exactly was the purpose of a city built at this altitude? Why do the various remains found bear witness to such a feat of masonry? Have we explored everything from the Inca maze?
The secrets of machu picchu
The old mountain, a discovery before 1911
Who is really the first to visit Machu Picchu? In 1874 Augusto R. Berns examined the site for mines. The German explorer stumbled upon Machu Picchu. Starting this year, certain maps therefore mention the existence of this exceptional lost city that is still buried.
In 1911, the official date of his discovery, it was the Indians who brought Hiran Bingham to the site. This man is, therefore, officially the one who discovered Machu Picchu. But how long had the Indian people lived there? Not knowing that under the bamboo, the climbing plants and the moss carpet, an entire city slept peacefully.
Machu Picchu, sanctuary of the virgins of the sun and lost city?
During the first organized excavations at Machu Picchu, most of the skeletons found were women. Well, at least, that’s what Bingham thought. Based on this assumption, he concludes that the site housed the ruins of the House of the Virgins of the Sun. A true sanctuary where the most beautiful women were confined and intended to serve the Sun God.
Bingham also believed that Machu Picchu was the legendary Vilcabamba, a lost city and the last Inca town. A theory denied a few years later.
The Inca emperor did not reside in Machu Picchu
Visiting Machu Picchu allows you to walk following the steps of the Inca Emperor Pachacutec. However, do you know that Machu Picchu seems to be the place of his royal retreats?
Its staff stayed on site all year and lived to the right of the site, near the terraces. He was always ready for the arrival of Pachacutec. Some members of the elite also lived there continuously, to the left of the city, high up.
Machu Picchu, a place at the service of the gods
The Incas revered the Emperor as much as the mountains, the water, and the sun. The geolocation of Machu Picchu makes it possible to honor all these deities.
If you want to visit Machu Picchu, it is located in the heart of the mountains, high and close to the sun. Furthermore, the main entrance to the site faces the most immense of them.
It is to honor the water that there are many vestiges of irrigation. Also, the Amazon River flows below the city. No, it is not a coincidence.
Have you also noticed that the many buildings of Machu Picchu are aligned with the sun? The sacred stone, enthroned at the top of the Inca site, even remains always bathed in sun during the Equinox.
A prodigious earthquake-proof station for Inca astronomers.
The stone at the top of Machu Picchu likely allowed Inca astronomers to calculate the date of the summer solstice. Key moment for religious holidays.
The temple of the sun, a solar observatory, has an architecture of incredible quality. You witness formidably efficient and ingenious construction methods. Without metal tools, the Incas were able to cut the stones perfectly and assemble them in such a way that there was no space between them.
This gives solidity to the monuments to any test. If you dream of visiting Machu Picchu, know that no earthquake can break your dream!
There is a secret and inaccessible door in the ruins of Machu Picchu.
In 2010, a hiker came across a mysterious sealed door in the heart of the alleys of the Inca city. It is probably the entrance condemned to a royal burial. Electromagnetic studies confirm the presence of various underground coins, filled with gold, silver and metals. But who really knows what’s behind it?
A new theory about the location of the Inca site.
Geologists expose a new theory that answers “why this site for Machu Picchu? “Located at an important meeting point between the tectonic plates, the site is naturally very abundant with stones. Therefore, the Incas had all the necessary materials for the construction of the sacred place. This underground life also helps drain the water. Therefore, the Incas knew that this would protect the city from floods.
In summary, Machu Picchu still contains many secrets.
Go to Machu Picchu
To visit Machu Picchu, access varies according to your budget and your physical condition. In any case, meet at the foot of the mountain, in the town of Aguas Calientes.
From Cusco, for example, they count four hours and eighty euros. It is the most expensive and tourist option, but also the most comfortable. The former Aguas Calientes train station is Ollantaytambo. So you can go by bus or bus, then get on the train.
No road leads to Aguas Calientes. If you choose the bus, you will have to get off at the Hydroelectric station, also called Santa Teresa (approximately eight hours from Cusco). Then walk to Aguas Calientes (two and a half hours).
In particular by the Inca Trail, the best-known trek (four days). But there are other hiking trails (Jungle Trail, Salkantay or Choquequirao).
The final ascent can be done by paying by bus or on foot, through a road as sublime as it is busy. Keep in mind that visiting Machu Picchu cannot be done without a guide.
In Peru, summer lasts from December to March and winter from May to September. However, winter marks the tourist season in Peru, because it is the only period during which the climate is dry. Therefore, it is the ideal time to visit Machu Picchu. But if some rain and the risk of a cloudy sky do not scare you, prefer it out of season.
The Inca site is open from 6 a.m. at 5 p.m. At the opening, you are entitled to a magnificent sunrise.
At what price?
Remember to book your tickets: every day, only 2,500 people can visit Machu Picchu. Two sites (Huayna Picchu and Montana) receive only four hundred people per day.
• Machu Picchu ticket only: 59 euros, between 6 and 12 p.m. or between 12 and 5:30 p.m.
• Ticket Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu: 72 euros, between eight and nine o’clock or between nine and ten o’clock.
• Ticket Machu Picchu + Montana: 72 euros, between eight and nine o’clock or between nine and ten o’clock.